Which taxon is essentially equivalent to the embryophytes


plants evolved alternation of generations independently of green algae. Which taxon is essentially equivalent to the “embryophytes”? ,charophyte.

Why are plants known as embryophytes?

Embryophytes are complex multicellular eukaryotes with specialized reproductive organs. The name derives from their innovative characteristic of nurturing the young embryo sporophyte during the early stages of its multicellular development within the tissues of the parent gametophyte.

Why land plants are also known as embryophytes quizlet?

Land plants are also called embryophytes because they have a resting embryo stage early in the life of the sporophyte.

What characteristics are present in both charophytes and embryophytes?

The charophytes and embryophytes share several traits that distinguish them from the chlorophytes, such as the presence of certain enzymes (class I aldolase, Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, glycolate oxidase, flagellar peroxidase), lateral flagella (when present), and, in many species, the use of phragmoplasts in mitosis.

What helped seedless plants adapt to land?

Seedless vascular plants (lycophytes, ferns, and horsetails) have two major adaptations compared to nonvascular plants: true roots and vascular tissue. These adaptations allowed seedless vascular plants to outcompete nonvascular plants in early colonization of life on land.

What are also called embryophytes?

Land Plants, also known as Embryophytes, include mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants, and related lineages.

What do algae and land plants have in common?

Both green algae and land plants also store carbohydrates as starch. Cells in green algae divide along cell plates called phragmoplasts, and their cell walls are layered in the same manner as the cell walls of embryophytes.

Which of these characteristics are found in both charophytes and land plants quizlet?

Terms in this set (81) Both charophytes and land plants share which of these characteristics? ( ) Both have true roots, and leaves.

What is the difference between chlorophytes and charophytes?

Charophytes are the green algae which resemble land plants and are their closest living relative. Chlorophytes are the green algae which exhibit a wide range of forms; they can be unicellular, multicellular, or colonial.

Why are Chara called Stoneworts?

The algae Chara is also known as stonewort, as its plant body is encrusted with calcium carbonate.

What are seedless plants called?

Lycophytes and pterophytes are referred to as seedless vascular plants, because they do not produce seeds.

What is required in order for seedless plants to reproduce?

Seedless vascular plants reproduce through unicellular, haploid spores instead of seeds; the lightweight spores allow for easy dispersion in the wind. Seedless vascular plants require water for sperm motility during reproduction and, thus, are often found in moist environments.

What type of plants are usually seedless quizlet?

SEEDLESS PLANTS. Ferns, horsetails, mosses, and liverworts do not produce flowers or grow from seeds. The life cycles of these plants have two distinct stages – one in which SPORES are produced, and one in which sex cells (sperm and eggs) are produced. Most seedless plants live in damp and shady habitats.

What is the definition of a Rhizoid?

rhizoid, a short, thin filament found in fungi and in certain plants and sponges that anchors the growing (vegetative) body of the organism to a substratum and that is capable of absorbing nutrients. In fungi, the rhizoid is found in the thallus and resembles a root.

What characteristics do all land plants have in common quizlet?

What characteristics do all plants share? Nearly all plants are autotrophs, organisms that produce their own food. All plants are eukaryotes that contain many cells. In addition, all plant cells are surrounded by cell walls.

What is the similarities between land plants and Charophytes?

Charophytes share more traits with land plants than do other algae, according to structural features and DNA analysis. Within the charophytes, the Charales, the Coleochaetales, and the Zygnematales have been each considered as sharing the closest common ancestry with the land plants.

What adaptations do plants have that allow them to survive on land quizlet?

Land plants evolved traits that made it possible to colonize land and survive out of water. Adaptations to life on land include vascular tissues, roots, leaves, waxy cuticles, and a tough outer layer that protects the spores.

Which type of egg forms in archegonia?

3. h) Diploid eggs form in archegonia, and diploid sperm form in antheridia

Which is more likely to germinate quickly after release from the parent than are zygotes released from algal organism?

d) zygotes in plants are more likely to germinate quickly after release from the parent than are zygotes released from algal organisms.

Why are stomata important in terrestrial plants?

d) Stomata are important in terrestrial plants because they allow CO2 to diffuse into the plant.

What are the characteristics of ferns?

Investigation of its anatomy and life cycle shows the following characteristics: flagellated sperm, xylem with tracheids, separate gametophyte, and sporophyte generations with the sporophyte dominant, and no seeds.

What are the mosses and liverworts grouped together as?

Liverworts, hornworts, and mosses are grouped together as the Bryophytes. Besides not having vascular tissue, what do they all have in common?

Which land plants lack the structural support to stand erect in air?

The ancestors of land plants, green algae, lacked the structural support to stand erect in air.

Is Big Bend a lycophyte?

It is heterosporous, it is a lycophyte, and it has separate male and female gametophytes. Use the following information to answer the question. Big Bend National Park in Texas is mostly Chihuahuan desert, where rainfall averages about 25 centimeters per year. Yet, it is not uncommon when hiking in this extremely arid zone to encounter mosses …


Which is the bacterial structure that acts as a selective barrier, allowing nutrients to enter the cell and wastes to leave the cell?


Which of these is the most common compound in the cell walls of gram-positive bacteria?

What are the different types of plants?

1. embryophytes. 2. green plant s. 3. seedless vascular plants. 4. ferns. 5. tracheophytes. 2, 1, 5, 3, 4. A biology student hiking in a forest happens upon an erect, 15-cm-tall plant that bears microphylls and a strobilus at its tallest point. When disturbed, the cone emits a dense cloud of brownish dust.

Which land plants lack the structural support to stand erect in air?

The ancestors of land plants, green algae, lack the structural support to stand erect in air.

How thick are moss gametophytes?

Most moss gametophytes do not have a cuticle and are 1-2 cell s thick. What does this imply about moss gametophytes and their structure?


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