European equivalent of katana


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How does the katana compare to other swords?

Compared to any counterparts from across the globe, the Katana’s construction was centuries ahead of its time (the functional European equivalent was the Bastard Sword, a blade which actually held no edge and was so poorly balanced only the strongest warriors could wield it properly).

What is the modern name for a katana?

Modern katana (gendaitō) The non-traditionally made swords from this period are called shōwatō, after the regnal name of the Emperor Hirohito, and in 1937, the Japanese government started requiring the use of special stamps on the tang ( nakago) to distinguish these swords from traditionally made swords.

Is Katana 1H or 2H?

Katana is 2h, wakizashi is 1h, tanto is equivalent to a dagger (so 1h). Both. Techniques exist where cuts are performed with the sword held in one hand or both hands. Primarily the samurai sword would be grasped with both hands.

What are some world records made with a katana?

Multiple sword world records were made with a katana and verified by Guinness World Records. Iaido master Isao Machii set the record for “Most martial arts katana cuts to one mat (suegiri)”, “Fastest 1,000 martial arts sword cuts”, “Most sword cuts to straw mats in three minutes”, and “Fastest tennis ball (708km/h) cut by sword”.

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What is the name of the European sword that is similar to a katana?

WakizashiWakizashi (脇差)ProducedMuromachi period (1336–1573) to presentSpecificationsBlade lengthapprox. 30–60 cm (12–24″)Blade typeCurved, single-edged6 more rows


What is the European equivalent of a samurai?

knightsIn both feudal Japan and Europe, constant warfare made warriors the most important class. Called knights in Europe and samurai in Japan, the warriors served local lords. In both cases, the warriors were bound by a code of ethics.


Are katanas better than European swords?

Considered by some to the finest cutting weapon ever designed, the Katana wins hands-down here. Made of harder steel, the Katana flexes less than a Longsword and can hold a sharper edge, allowing more force to be applied consistently across a smaller surface area.


Are katanas lighter than European swords?

The longsword is a longer, heavier sword with more stopping power, while the katana is a shorter, lighter sword with a stronger cutting edge. Hopefully, this gives you a better understanding of the nuances between the longsword and the katana.


Would a medieval knight beat a samurai?

Who would win in a battle? While the samurai and knights have many similarities, in a one to one battle, the advantage would be to the samurai, and this can be seen in their training, armor, and weapons. The first way that the samurai have an advantage is their training.


Was there a European samurai?

Anjin Miura or William Anjin was the first and possibly only white man to ever be knighted a Samurai.


Would a European sword break a katana?

Katana would hold up to cutting soft objects with little wear, but over time, the compressive force from hitting hard objects could lead to chips and cracks. European swords were not as hard as katana, but they could withstand more punishment, at least in a different way.


Can katana cut through bone?

Katanas are sharp and strong enough to cut cleanly through bone, metal, armor, and probably even the sun, if only someone could get close enough.


Why are katanas so weak?

A katana loses viability against armor of any kind, because its big advantage – deep cuts – is negated pretty effectively by metal armor. A katana is too specialized; it lacks a level of defensive ability because its design is so hyper-focused on cuts.


Is rapier better than katana?

5:5712:50Rapier vs katana – which is better? – YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipSo in terms of cutting power. Yes you could cut with the rapier. The katana has much better cuttingMoreSo in terms of cutting power. Yes you could cut with the rapier. The katana has much better cutting ability in terms of the thrust.


Is a claymore better than a katana?

Claymores are stronger since they’re designed to beat up armoured knights as well as slice through console peasants that only have old outdated gear with which to fight. The katana was specifically designed for unarmoured opponents, with its slashing blade perfect for slicing and dicing.


What is the sharpest sword in the world?

List of the Sharpest Swords & Blades in World History [Updated]1.1 1) Damascus Sword.1.2 2) Shamshir.1.3 3) Wakizashi.1.4 4) Katana.1.5 5) Kilij.1.6 6) Gladius.1.7 7) Falcata.


Were there any foreign samurai?

Yasuke, The First Foreign Samurai (c. 1556-?) Yasuke(彌介・弥助) was an African page, brought to Japan in 1579 as the servant of the Italian Jesuit missionary inspector Alessandro Valignano. Arriving some 20 years before the Englishman, William Adams, Yasuke is believed to be the first non Japanese samurai.


Can an American be a samurai?

Can I become a samurai if I am not Japanese? Yes, you can if you know the way of the sword and you have the courage and determination, you can become a samurai.


Who were Daimyos?

Ii NaosukeShimazu NariakiraMatsudaira SuketoshiMatsudaira SukemasaDaimyo/Past holders


Are there any samurai left?

Although samurai no longer exist, the influence of these great warriors still manifests itself deeply in Japanese culture and samurai heritage can be seen all over Japan – be it a great castle, a carefully planned garden, or beautifully preserved samurai residences.


Where did Katana originate?

Katana originates from sasuga (刺刀), a kind of tantō (short sword or knife) used by lower-ranking samurai who fought on foot in the Kamakura period (1185–1333). Their main weapon was a long naginata and sasuga was a spare weapon.


What is a katana sword?

A katana (刀 or かたな) is a Japanese sword characterized by a curved, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands.


How to distinguish a katana from a tachi?

With a few exceptions, katana and tachi can be distinguished from each other, if signed, by the location of the signature ( mei) on the tang ( nakago). In general, the mei should be carved into the side of the nakago which would face outward when the sword was worn. Since a tachi was worn with the cutting edge down, and the katana was worn with the cutting edge up, the mei would be in opposite locations on the tang.


How is katana made?

Katana are traditionally made from a specialized Japanese steel called tamahagane, which is created from a traditional smelting process that results in several, layered steels with different carbon concentrations. This process helps remove impurities and even out the carbon content of the steel. The age of the steel plays a role in the ability to remove impurities, with older steel having a higher oxygen concentration, being more easily stretched and rid of impurities during hammering, resulting in a stronger blade. The smith begins by folding and welding pieces of the steel several times to work out most of the differences in the steel. The resulting block of steel is then drawn out to form a billet.


What weapons were used in the Sengoku period?

However, the main weapons on the battlefield in the Sengoku period in the 15th century were yumi (bow), yari (spear) and tanegashima (gun), and katana and tachi were used only for close combat.


How long is a katana?

The katana is generally defined as the standard sized, moderately curved (as opposed to the older tachi featuring more curvature) Japanese sword with a blade length greater than 60.6 cm (23.86 inches) (Japanese 2 Shaku).


What does “uchigatana” mean?

These references to ” uchigatana ” and ” tsubagatana ” seem to indicate a different style of sword, possibly a less costly sword for lower-ranking warriors. Starting around the year 1400, long swords signed with the katana- style mei were made.


How long is Katana?

Katana is 2h, wakizashi is 1h, tanto is equivalent to a dagger (so 1h).


What is the Samurai style called?

Some Samurai practised a style called Two Heavens which had them wielding the katana in one hand and the wakizashi in the other, but it’s dual wielding, so very difficult to earn.


What level is bokken in kata?

In kenjitsu (or kenjutsu) it’s either and sometimes both, but bokken (wooden swords) are much easier to handle than steel. 8. level 1.


Is Katana lighter than Wakizashi?

The Katana is both lighter and generally shorter but has a higher weight-to-length ratio because of its composition. I totally forgot to post this last night when I wrote it up. huh. Katana is 2h, wakizashi is 1h, tanto is equivalent to a dagger (so 1h). Both.


Is a katana a long sword?

The Katana is, generally, a two handed sword, as is the european longsword (as european culture was always on the cutting edge of killing each other, they tended to trade gear a lot). Both can be used with one hand but they lose out on leverage. Both are incredibly maneuverable, to the point that it is a non-issue when comparing them. The Katana is both lighter and generally shorter but has a higher weight-to-length ratio because of its composition.


Is a long sword two handed?

Keeping in mind longswords vary a lot (since there isn’t much of a formal definition past “sword that you mostly use with two hands”, generally katana handles will be shorter but still two handed.


Can a samurai sword be grasped with both hands?

Primarily the samurai sword would be grasped with both hands. However there are iai techniques where the sword cuts add or is being drawn add well as many techniques where the sword is gripped differently. 2. level 1. [deleted] · 6y. Katanas are two handed swords. They can be around the same weight as a longsword.


How big is a katana?

Last, but not least is the length of the sword. Katanas vary greatly in size. On average a katana is 100 cm (39 in) long. Whereof 70 cm (27.5 in) is the length of the blade.


How much does a katana weigh?

The mass of a katana without saya (scabbard) ranges between 900 g and 1400 g (2 lbs to 3.1 lbs). On average a katana weighs 1.2 kg (2.65 lbs). The scabbard adds another 100-200 grams (0.22 to 0.45 lbs) on top of that.


How much heavier is a 9260 blade than a 1095 blade?

So, a 9260 blade would be 10% heavier than a 1095 steel blade. There is one more important detail I have to mention. Unlike most katanas mine does not have a Bo-Hi. So without a saya LINK my katana weighs around 1000 grams (2.2 lbs). Including the scabbard results in a total weight of 1180 grams (2.6 lbs).


What is the difference between 1095 steel and 9260 steel?

While 1095 steel has a density of 7.85 g/cm³, 9260 steel has a density of around 8.7 g/cm³. So, a 9260 blade would be 10% heavier than a 1095 steel blade.


What kind of steel did samurai swords use?

Besides that, samurai swords were forged from a way different steel called pig iron.


What factors influence the weight of a katana?

There are several factors that influence the weight of a katana. The most important ones are the steel type, the used parts as well as the length of the katana. Now it’s your turn. Let me hear in the comments if you own a katana as well.


What is the most important component of a katana?

Of utmost importance for the weight of the sword is the steel used for the blade. There are many different steel types, which (significantly) influence the mass of a katana. Another component that greatly influences the weight of the katana are the parts used for building it.

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Overview


Etymology and loanwords

The word katana first appears in Japanese in the Nihon Shoki of 720. The term is a compound of kata (“one side, one-sided”) + na (“blade”), in contrast to the double-sided tsurugi. See more at the Wiktionary entry.
The katana belongs to the nihontō family of swords, and is distinguished by a blade length (nagasa) of more than 2 shaku, approximately 60 cm (24 in).


Description

The katana is generally defined as the standard sized, moderately curved (as opposed to the older tachi featuring more curvature) Japanese sword with a blade length greater than 60.6 cm (23.86 inches) (Japanese 2 Shaku). It is characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, slender, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard (tsuba) and long grip to accommodate t…


History

The production of swords in Japan is divided into specific time periods:
• Jōkotō (ancient swords, until around 900)
• Kotō (old swords from around 900–1596)
• Shintō (new swords 1596–1780)


Types

Katana are distinguished by their type of blade:
• Shinogi-Zukuri is the most common blade shape for Japanese katana that provides both speed and cutting power. It features a distinct yokote: a line or bevel that separates the finish of the main blade and the finish of the tip. Shinogi-zukuri was originally produced after the Heian period.
• Shobu-Zukuri is a variation of shinogi-zukuri without a yokote, the distinct angle between the lon…


Forging and construction

Typical features of Japanese swords represented by katana and tachi are a three-dimensional cross-sectional shape of an elongated pentagonal to hexagonal blade called shinogi-zukuri, a style in which the blade and the tang (nakago) are integrated and fixed to the hilt (tsuka) with a pin called mekugi, and a gentle curve. When a shinogi-zukuri sword is viewed from the side, there is a …


Appreciation

Historically, katana have been regarded not only as weapons but also as works of art, especially for high-quality ones. For a long time, Japanese people have developed a unique appreciation method in which the blade is regarded as the core of their aesthetic evaluation rather than the sword mountings decorated with luxurious lacquer or metal works.


Rating of Japanese swords and swordsmiths

In Japan, Japanese swords are rated by authorities of each period, and some of the authority of the rating is still valid today.
In 1719, Tokugawa Yoshimune, the 8th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate, ordered Hon’ami Kōchū, who was an authority of sword appraisal, to record swords possessed by daimyo all over Japan in books. In the completed “Kyōhō …


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