9mm caliber equivalent


.380 auto


Is 9mm the same as a 45cal?

There are a couple of factors to the debate of getting an XDS in 45 vs XDS 9mm. Much like the Glock pistols, both the .45 and 9mm offerings by Springfield are the same size and feature different magazine capacities between the two calibers. The .45 option holds nine plus one in the chamber and the 9mm holds thirteen plus one.

What is the difference between 9mm and 40 caliber?

This seems impressive when given in percentages, but the actual differences are pretty small. A 9mm hollow point has an expanded diameter of .43 square inches. A 40 caliber hollow point has an expanded diameter of .55 square inches. I doubt any human could tell the difference when shot with either.

Why is a 9mm considered a small caliber?

The 9mm is considered a small caliber in regard to defensive pistol shooting. A large portion of that style of competition is based on speed of shooting, and to ensure people were not competing with, say, low recoil firearms such as .22lr or. 25 Cal pistols, they created”power rankings”.

Is a 30 caliber bigger than a 9mm?

the 9mm is not the same size bullet as the .380 or the .38 special. It’s actually about .36 caliber. Slightly smaller and the .30 Caliber carbine was used way past Korea, up to the late mid-60’s in the Vietnam war.


Is 9mm a 30 caliber?

You must first understand that most U.S. standard calibers are stated in inches, while metric calibers are stated in millimeters (mm). We see a lot of calibers like 5.56mm, 6.5mm, 6.8mm, 7mm, 7.62mm, 8mm, 9mm, 10mm, etc. So, a 30-caliber bullet is actually 0.30” diameter, but it’s also a 7.62mm diameter.

Are 9mm and 380 interchangeable?

The 9mm and 380, although they have the same diameter bullet, could not be used interchangeably. The 9mm shell would be too long to fit into the 380 clip and the 380 shell would also not fit properly in the 9mm clip because it is too short.

Is 40 caliber and 9 mm the same?

40 caliber cartridge typically sports a heavier bullet with loads between from 135 to 180 grain, compared to between 115 and 147 grain for the 9mm. The heavier bullets of the . 40 caliber will be a little slower in velocity.

How does 9mm compare to other calibers?

The main difference between 9mm and 0.40 calibers is the size of the bullet. Converting 9mm to inches, you get roughly 0.35, significantly smaller than the 0.4 inch diameter of the . 40 caliber.

Is 9mm more powerful than 357?

The 357 Magnum round loaded with a 125-grain projectile reaches almost 1,500 feet per second and strikes targets with 585 foot-pounds of energy. Needless to say, ballistically, it outperforms the 9mm. The 357 Magnum also has no problems reaching the FBI standards and even exceeding them.

Is 38 special more powerful than 9mm?

Standard pressure . 38 Special only produces 264 foot-pounds of force (147-grain bullet at 900 feet per second out of a 4-inch barrel), while standard pressure 9mm can produce 365 foot-pounds of force (124-grain bullet at 1,150 feet per second). This is 38.25% more energy at the muzzle in favor of the 9mm.

Is a .40 more powerful than a 9mm?

The 9mm has a muzzle energy of 364 ft-lbs, while the . 40 S&W has a muzzle energy of 484 ft-lbs. This is one comparison, but you will generally find that most . 40 S&W products are stronger both at the muzzle and downrange.

Can you use 40 S&W in a 9mm?

40 S&W was designed such that it could be retrofitted into medium-frame (9mm size) automatic handguns. So most . 40 caliber handguns can be easily converted to 9mm for cheaper target shooting with a simple barrel and magazine swap.

Is a 45 ACP more powerful than a 9mm?

45 ACP comparison, the 9mm is smaller and more compact and has less power. The . 45 ACP is comparably larger, heavier, and wider. Therefore, it can hold more gunpowder and stopping power.

What is better a 45 40 or 9mm?

40 S&W bullet carries 121 percent more momentum than the 9mm +P. The 185-grain . 45 ACP+P bullet has 143 percent more momentum than the 9mm +P. A deadly shootout between bank robbers and FBI agents in Miami led to the development of the cartridge that’s a top choice for personal defense.

What is more powerful a 5.56 or a 9mm?

The 5.56 rifle cartridge is inherently more powerful than the 9mm pistol cartridge, so you might expect the 5.56 to be a lot louder than the 9mm, but that’s not the case. They’re actually pretty close to one another. The 9mm cartridge averages about 166 decibels while the 5.56 cartridge averages about 169 decibels.

Will a 9mm stop a bear?

The 9mm can kill bears but is considered underpowered by experienced woodsmen. The 9mm has 350 to 450 ft/lbs. of energy, while 1,000 ft/lbs is considered the minimum for a bear hunting gun. Proper 9mm bullets yield sufficient penetration in soft tissue, but it may not stop a bear quickly enough to avoid being mauled.

Which is more powerful a 9mm or 380?

380 is less destructive, it also performs with less of a recoil, making it a more accurate weapon in short-range, rapid-fire use. The 9mm has a maximum velocity of 1,400 FPS and an energy rating of 2465 foot pounds, and is by all measures a more powerful cartridge.

What bullets can a 380 shoot?

380 uses a . 355-in diameter bullet, just like 9x19mm. Bullet size is actually more universal than you’d think, incidentally; among rifle rounds, for instance, the 7mm-08 Remington, 7mm Remington Magnum, 7mm Shooting Times Westerner, . 280 Remington and 7mm Weatherby Magnum all use .

What is the difference between a .380 and a 9mm?

380 Auto features the same diameter bullet as the 9mm and the same diameter case, yet it is shorter at 17mm in case length. It can hold a maximum of 5.3 grains of water. A typical load carries roughly 3 grains of powder that propels a 95-grain bullet at 845 fps to produce 151 ft.

What calibers are interchangeable?

Such examples are 9mm Luger; . 458 Win mag in the . 458 Lott; Smith & Wesson Model 48 and 22 Magnum; and Glock 20 and 10mm Auto. These are just a few of the examples of multi-caliber guns/interchangeable bullet calibers.

What is the caliber of a 9mm bullet?

This is a list of firearm cartridges that have bullets in the 9 millimeters (0.35 in) to 9.99 millimeters (0.393 in) caliber range.

What is cartridge specification?

Ammunition or cartridge specification is usually the “cartridge maximum” specification and may not be the same as the nominally measured dimensions of production, remanufactured, or hand-loaded ammunition. SAAMI and the CIP publish cartridge data.

What is the caliber of a handgun?

For the most part, handgun calibers are either 9, 10, 11, or 12mm.

Why is a 308 Winchester called a 7.62?

Converted to metric, that’s 7.82mm, but most people would refer to it as a 7.62 because of its military distinction. The difference is that one measurement is the distance between the grooves (the cut out portions of the rifling in the barrel, and another measurement uses the measurement to the lands (the raised portion of the rifling). To make matters worse, the .308 is commonly referred to as a .30 caliber cartridge, which isn’t actually correct at all.

Why are cartridges so complicated?

As you can see, the naming conventions of cartridges is complicated because ammo manufacturers like using clean, even numbers and to ignore the actual measurements.

What is the caliber of a 9mm?

Caliber, as measured in inches, means the 9mm is a .38 caliber bullet and this is a .38 of an inch in diameter. Various manufacturers have different tolerances in the thousandths of an inch. Some of the generic equivalents of the more commonly used 9mm rounds are: 9mm = .38, .380, or even .357 (as in the magnum), however, the caliber of a 9mm round is 9mm. Caliber is the diameter of the projectile. Within every caliber, there are other designations and therefore caliber is based on the internal diameter of the barrel before the rifling is machined or cut into the barrel. The result is that the diameter of the barrel is increased.

Why is 9mm considered a weak caliber?

It has significantly caused the efficacy gap between calibers to be somewhat close.

What is a 9×18 bullet?

The 9×18 designation is applied to two different cartridges, and the most common one is the Soviet 9x18mm Makarov which is not considered a true 9mm as it has a larger bullet diameter and bore. The other one is the 9×18 Ultra, also referred to as the 9×18 Ultra Police.

How big is a 9mm bullet?

When referring to guns identifiable as 9mm it is because they have a bore of .354-inches and 9 millimeters in diameter. The rifling grooves are only about .0005-inches deep, which makes the groove diameter and diameter for jacketed bullets to be .355-inches. Lead bullets are usually a thousandth of an inch larger which makes them .356-inches in diameter.

How many inches is a 30 caliber bullet?

We also list calibers by the effective inner diameter of the rifling or the diameter of the lands. European gun makers refer to this as the diameter of the grooves or the outer diameter of the rifling. In America, the.30 caliber usually comes in .308 inches bullets. In Europe, the.30 caliber comes in .312-inches. The four-thousandths of an inch makes a difference in function.

What caliber bullets can you use to fire a.223 Remington?

The caliber may still function in the same weapon. An example of interchangeable rounds is the 5.56mm NATO which is a .22 caliber bullet but measures .223. Therefore, you can fire a .223 Remington cartridge from a weapon designed to fire the 5.56 NATO round. The reverse is not true and is not safe. Other 9mm pistol cartridges that are not quite as common include, 9×17, 9×18, 9×21, 9×23, and 9x25mm.

What is a 9×23 pistol?

The 9x23mm is known as the 9mm Largo and is an old military pistol cartridge from the early 20th century. The 9x25mm also goes by 9x25mm Dillon and was developed for competition use so that IPSC competitors could make what is known as a ‘major power factor’ with a 9mm pistol and gain a competitive advantage over other 9mm cartridges.

What is the caliber of a 9mm round?

Not to be snippy, but the caliber of a 9mm round is …9mm! Caliber is the diameter of the projectile. Within caliber are other designations.

What caliber is a 9mm parabellum?

Thus, for all practical purposes a 9mm Parabellum is a rimless .38 caliber… (not exactly true, but close enough unless you are reloading for accuracy…)

What is the bullet size of a 9mm?

9mm translates to .354” which is, for a calibre designation remarkably accurate. A 9mm Parabellum (9mmP) uses a .355” bullet or 9.017mm. The Russian 9mm Makarov (9x18mm) however actually uses bullets of .364”/9.2456mm but is still classified as a 9mm calibre weapon.

What is the diameter of a 9mm luger bullet?

typically the outer diameter of the 9mm luger bullet is .355 inches. When reloading 9mm many bullets can be bought as either .355 or .356. In my personal experience .356 can improve performance in firearms with “roomy” barrels. Sig Sauer tends to perform better with .356 but my 9mm STI shoots better with .355, it has a rather tight barrel. When reloading the optimal diameter of the bullet i determined by forcing a soft lead bullet through the barrel. After that the diameter of lead bullet is measured, in my STI 9mm that measurement is .3544 something and therefor the .355 bullets are optimal w

What caliber is used in Italy?

Typical is geographic. Some countries deny civilians to use calibers that their armed forces use. So, in Italy, for example, where the 9mmLuger is a military caliber, civilians purchase other calibers like the 7.65 Luger. World wide the 9mm Luger is the most popular caliber, probably the next in popu.

What is the smallest bullet?

The .380 is the smallest and is a 9 X 17, or the 9mm Kurtz or 9mm short. Then the 9 X 18 or the 9mm Makarov. Then the 9mm that we usually think of is the 9 X 19, or the 9mm Luger, or the 9mm Parabellum. There are also some bigger cartridges using the same diameter bullet, the .357 Sig is one that comes to mind.

What is 30 cal bullet?

A 30 cal bullet is actually . 308″ in diameter. The 30 cal refers to the distance from a bore’s lands to opposite lands. Bullets (caliber) are sized to match the bore size from groove to groove. The English use a different system, and the rest of the world goes metric.

9mm Luger (9x19mm)

The 9mm Luger, also known as the 9X19mm, is a rimless and tapered firearms cartridge that is very popular. It was originally designed through an Austrian firearm designer by the name of Georg Luger during 1901.

9mm Makarov (9x18mm)

The 9×18 Makarov, also called the 9mm Makarov or 9x18mm PM, is one of the most popular Soviet submachine gun and pistol cartridges. It was originally developed toward the end of World War II in 1946. The 9×18 Makarov was intended to be a powerful cartridge that wouldn’t produce too much recoil when used in a typical blowback pistol of the time.

9mm IMI (9x21mm)

The 9mm IMI, or 9X21mm pistol cartridge was originally designed in Italy by Jager before being adopted by the company of Israel Military Industries. This turned it into a cartridge that was used for military services and are not allowed to be used by civilians at this time.

9mm Largo (9x23mm)

The 9mm Largo is making a comeback in some circles. This is similar in its dimensions to the 9mm Steyr, which makes it a good option for a lot of people. The cartridge for the 9mm Largo is going to be 4mm longer than what customers will find with the 9mm Luger. This makes it bigger and allows for up to 30% more case capacity.

Wrap Up

As you can see, a lot of the 9mm cartridges are pretty similar, though they retain a few major differences that prevent them from being used in the same firearms flat out. Still, you can choose a firearm for any of the cartridges and expect them to perform in pretty much the same way and do the same things.


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